November 3, 2014 / by admin / American History / No Comments

Early Ontario (Images of America)

Early Ontario (Images of America)

Language: English

Pages: 128

ISBN: 1467132403

Format: PDF / Kindle (mobi) / ePub


George and William Chaffey, immigrants from Canada, founded a model colony in Southern California in 1882. They named their settlement Ontario, from an Iroquois term meaning beautiful water, not only to pay homage to their home province but to also draw other Canadians to their colony. Utilizing forward-thinking irrigation practices, the brothers laid out plots of land ready for colonists who wanted to farm or raise citrus groves. After just four years, the brothers left for Australia to develop more settlements and passed their model colony on to Charles Frankish and his partners of the Ontario Land and Improvement Company. From its earliest days, the colony became known for its citrus groves, Armstrong roses, Graber olives, Guasti grapes, and the Hotpoint iron. This book, which includes nearly 200 images, focuses on the colonys early development.

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irrigating the arid region once known as the Cucamonga Rancho. On Thanksgiving Day in 1881, the Chaffey brothers made an offer to Capt. Joseph Garcia, a Portuguese mariner who left the sea behind to raise sheep in the area, to purchase his large rancho. The brothers purchased 560 acres of land from Garcia with full water rights. A small portion of that land was divided up, and each lot was provided with irrigation from the nearby canyons. George Chaffey named this area Etiwanda and sold the lots,

Italian native Secondo Guasti in an area between Ontario and Cucamonga just north of the present Ontario International Airport. This successful winery was built as a company town called Guasti, where Italian winemakers, coopers, and other skilled laborers lived and worked. Almost every step in winemaking was done on-site, from transporting the grapes from the fields by narrow-gauge rail to crushing them, building the wine casks, and storing and bottling the wine. The field work, like in the

drafted into the Army in August 1917. Kingery was with the first troops sent overseas after the US declaration of war on April 6, 1917, as part of the 1st Infantry Brigade. He arrived in Europe on Christmas Day, 1917, and was sent to France soon after. The 1st Infantry Brigade was sent to relieve the First Moroccan Division in the Ansauville sector of France on January 15, 1918. Kingery was killed in action by a German shell while in the front line trenches on February 19, 1918, the first soldier

certificate and worked as a tugboat captain, and went on to design steamships for use on the great lakes. During this time, he married Annette McCord and the couple had three sons. William Benjamin Chaffey was born on October 21, 1856, also in Brockville. In 1878, George Chaffey Sr. retired and moved to Riverside, California, bringing William along with him. William was fascinated with horticulture and became known for his expertise with soils and plants. In 1880, his brother George Jr. joined

practices and his regular protests against Ontario’s incorporation. 18 Frankish constructed a new fountain on the Euclid Avenue median to serve as a focal point to potential land buyers. The land office building had to be moved to the west side of Euclid Avenue to accommodate the fountain. Completed in 1886, the Frankish Fountain was grandiose, equipped with a compound sprayer with jets that proudly showed Ontario’s abundance of water to every person traveling through town. By the 1950s,

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