November 13, 2014 / by admin / American History / No Comments

Lincoln's Secret Spy: The Civil War Case That Changed the Future of Espionage

Lincoln's Secret Spy: The Civil War Case That Changed the Future of Espionage

Language: English

Pages: 328

ISBN: 1493008102

Format: PDF / Kindle (mobi) / ePub

A month after Lincoln’s assassination, William Alvin Lloyd arrived in Washington, DC, to press a claim against the federal government for money due him for serving as the president’s spy in the Confederacy. Lloyd claimed that Lincoln personally had issued papers of transit for him to cross into the South, a salary of $200 a month, and a secret commission as Lincoln’s own top-secret spy. The claim convinced Secretary of War Edwin Stanton and Judge Advocate General Joseph Holt—but was it true?

For many years Lloyd had been hawking his Southern Steamboat and Railroad Guide throughout Dixie, and it was this thorough familiarity with the South and its people—and their familiarity with him—that would have given him a good cover when the time came. In July, 1861, and now desperate for cash, Lloyd crossed enemy lines to collect debts owed by advertising clients in the South.
After just a few days in the Confederacy, officials jailed Lloyd for bigamy, not for being a Yankee spy as he later claimed. After bribing his way out, he crisscrossed the Southern states, trying to collect enough money to stay alive.

Between riding the rails he found time to marry plenty of unsuspecting young women only to ditch them a few days later. His behavior drew the attention of Confederate authorities, who nabbed him in Savannah and charged him as a suspected spy. But after nine months, they couldn’t find any incriminating evidence or anyone to testify against him, so they let him go. A free but broken man, Lloyd continued roaming the South, making money however he could. In May 1865, he went to Washington with an extraordinary claim and little else: a few coached witnesses, and a pass to cross the lines signed “A. Lincoln” (the most forged signature in American history), and his own testimony.

So was he really Lincoln’s secret agent or nothing more than a con man? And was Totten vs. United States—inspired by Lloyd's claim and which set precedent for espionage law based on a monumental fraud? Find out in this completely irresistible and wholly original work.

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Boyd was publishing a railroad guide from 915 Chestnut Street, Philadelphia, and Alvin’s brother, J. T. Lloyd, and his wife, Ella, were producing maps from the same city.530 Incredibly, Enoch Totten was unable or unwilling to let the Lloyd claim go. Just two months later on April 27, 1876, Representative William B. Spencer of Louisiana introduced the Lloyd case to the House of Representatives. Totten was now pressing for $9,153.32, plus interest accrued since June 5, 1865. On May 15, a bill for

evidence warrants the state secrets privilege, the plaintiff cannot continue the suit without privileged information and drops the case.” In fact, the State Secrets Privilege has been described as “Totten’s Poisoned Progeny,” by Sean C. Flynn, Associate General Counsel and Chief Compliance Officer at Abiomed, and has become to some in the legal community “a major hindrance to litigation that seeks to challenge abuses of executive power in the context of the War on Terror,” wrote Professor of Law,

block near the corner of Hall and Whitaker Streets, close to Oglethorpe Barracks, was in the castellated style of Gothic architecture. Its yellow brick walls, with octagonal turrets, gave off an Old World European air, something remarked upon by many foreign visitors who at first thought it was a castle. As for the prison wing of the building, the cells were surrounded by a narrow hall and had a ventilated passage between them only two feet wide. At the south end of the cells were four wing

unless visitors brought in fresh fruits or otherwise unattainable foodstuffs, a prisoner was fated to insect-infested bread and watery gruel, if that. Alvin may well have been one of those prisoners.245 On Thursday, December 19, 1861, Colonel Rockwell notified Confederate Secretary of War Judah P. Benjamin of Alvin’s arrest as a spy. “Sir. A man calling himself Mr. Alvin Lloyd was arrested and brought to this post some days since as a spy. There is evidence here to show that he has told several

front . . . and stockings held up with garters.” Over this ensemble, he’d wear a waistcoat. He would be clean-shaven, with longish hair, topped by a “wide brimmed or tall hat made of fur, silk or straw” when he went outside.26 T. G.’s brother William was a grocer—a white shirt and apron would have done for him—one of twenty-eight like merchants in a town that had “three print offices, six taverns, two carriage makers, six saddlers, six bake houses . . . twenty-two doctors and twelve lawyers.”27

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