November 13, 2014 / by admin / American History / No Comments

Native Roots: How the Indians Enriched America

Native Roots: How the Indians Enriched America

Jack Weatherford

Language: English

Pages: 320

ISBN: 0449907139

Format: PDF / Kindle (mobi) / ePub


"Well written, imagery-ridden...A tale of what was, what became, and what is today regarding the Indian relation to the European civilization that 'grafted' itself onto this ancient system.'"
MINNEAPOLIS STAR TRIBUNE
Conventional American history holds that the white settlers of the New World re-created the societies they had known in England, France, and Spain. But as anthropologist Jack Weatherford, author of INDIAN GIVERS, brilliantly shows, the Europeans actually grafted their civilization onto the deep and nourishing roots of Native American customs and beliefs. Our place names, our farming and hunting techniques, our crafts, the very blood that flows in our veins--all derive from American Indians ways that we consistently fail to see.

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auctioned women to the highest bidder much the way Africans were sold at public auctions for Southern plantations. Sometimes Indian or mixed girls as young as nine or ten years of age were sold in this trade (Newman). After such extensive interbreeding through marriage, slavery, or casual relations, a large mixed-blood population emerged in western Canada. In the nineteenth century the Métis people formed a distinct ethnic group centered on the site of modern Winnipeg. They spoke Michif, a

o’clock that night, the whistles of the mills screeched a loud wail as a trecherous black cloud darkened the sky and quickly obscured all light from the stars or moon. The fire that followed close behind the thick smoke surpassed the flames of a mere forest fire. The conflagration quickly consumed the scrub forests that had not experienced a fire in decades. Living trees ignited in seemingly spontaneous explosions like Roman candles in the night sky. As the fire raced across northern Minnesota,

corral called a surround (Kopper). Made like a wooden stockade with timber and brush, the larger surrounds exceeded a mile in diameter and stood as permanent parts of the landscape. The neighboring Assiniboin to the south made a structure called a pound in a similar way, with logs and dirt. Inuit living west of Hudson Bay erected similar traps for caribou, but in their central Arctic homeland they had no brush or pole from which to construct the large manikins. The Eskimo substituted large stone

drains an area three times as large as the Rhine and larger than any other river in Europe, including the much better known Volga and Danube. On a summer outing I sailed with a group of Inuit and Dene to a small peninsula jutting into Yellowknife Bay. The large gray rocks jut up out of the water like whales, covered in green and bright orange splotches of the slow-growing but ubiquitous lichens of the tundra. Over the centuries the lichens break down the rock and cause small patches of soil to

Michigan and a town in Iowa, where the post office accidentally changed it to Algona, the name that stuck. Schoolcraft also invented the name Iosco, which he translated from the Ojibwa as “shining water.” It became the name of towns in Michigan, Minnesota, and even New Jersey. A bastaridized Indian name could be made by combining the Greek word for “city,” polis, with an Indian prefix such as minne, the Dakota word for “water.” This produced “water city” or Minneapolis. A similar process

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